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Twa Corbies Trading Company
 Stedman Corners, NY
Beth Boyle, Silversmith

Historically, Chautauqua county goes back, as far as the white race is concerned, to La Salle, who in 1679 sailed his little "Griffin" past the forested shore of Chautauqua. Returning two years later, he stopped for a time on the shores of Lake Chautauqua. Prior to this time the Erie Indians had roamed the region, but had been destroyed as a tribe by the Iroquois, in 1656. And back of the Eries is the evidence of the many mounds uncovered in the county, indicating some unknown race had its homes in this section.

The French gave the name Tchadakoin to the lake within the district, which if pronounced according to the rules of French ortheopy, sounds much like Chautauqua. The Holland Company, in a map of 1804, spelled the word Chautaughque; in 1859 the present spelling was first used.

The Eries, or their conquerors, the Senecas, were the owners of the county previous to the coming of the whites. The French claimed the territory by right of discovery by La Salle. These rights she ceded to England, in 1763. The Province of Massachusetts, incorporated in 1691, covered the larger part of the district, and even Connecticut owned a "two minute" strip along the southern border. And New York and Pennsylvania also had their claims. The claim of Massachusetts was settled in 1791, the Pennsylvania lines were arranged in 1787; the Indian titles were disposed of in 1797 and 1824. The Holland Company became the final owners and the attempt was made to colonize the region.

Aside from the French, the first white sojourner in the county was a rather inconstant wanderer by the name of Sawtell, who built his cabin in the district in 1796. On the 4th of July during that same year, a party of surveyors, consisting of fifty-two persons, reached Ohio by the way of Lake Erie. Among them were Augustus Porter, Seth Pease and Wareham Shepherd, all future settlers in Chautauqua. A man by the name of Skinner opened a tavern in the county in 1800; between Sawtell and Skinner lies the honor of being the first settler of Chautauqua. A rude road was built into the section in I802, and the tide of immigrants which soon flooded the region started about this time.

        I believe the Native Americans should be left alone by New York State. They lost almost everything, their language, their lands, their culture and their dignity because of greed. I am against gambling but that is not for me to judge on someone else's land. My wish is for NYS to leave the cigarette, tobacco and gasoline taxes off the items Natives sell on their own lands.

       If the Iroquois Nations want gambling on their lands that is up to their people not non-Indians. The Seneca let roads pass through their lands and the least that should be done is leave the Natives alone. I grew up in Chautauqua County and I have seen plenty of poverty and degradation both on and off Western NY's Indian lands.  I am not for gambling but I don't think New York's Dept of Taxation has any right to tax any one who is on the actual turf of the Iroquois Tribes. Isn't it funny everytime NYS gets in over its head in dept the State goes after the Indians again? It is so obvious.  Can't  everyone see the State wastes so much money on stupid projects?

         George,  go after the waste and the political pork and leave the Indigenous people of this State be.  When the fat cats get taxed then I will see what George Pataki does as honest and fair!  This issue steams me and all my friends feel the same way as I do. Leave the situation stand as is, Pataki. The Tribes of New York State are their own nations and as such NYS should not tax anything that happens on the lands belonging to the Tribes. May the Creator bless all New Yorkers especially those who live close to the land and keep The Way!  I pray for the resolution of this once and for all.  Long may our good neighbors in Salamanca stand tall.  Good readers, please lend your understanding and support to all Native Americans?

-Beth Maxwell Boyle
Oct. 30th, 2003
For More Hand Cut, Trade silver go to our
friends at Barking Rock
Thomas and Colleen

Upper Allegany Rendezvous

This Page is in Loving Memory of Mabel Powers

The Twa Corbies
As I was walking all alane
 I heard twa corbies making a mane;
 The tane unto the t'other say,
 "Where sall we gang and dine to-day?"

  "—In behint yon auld fail dyke,
         I wot there lies a new-slain knight;
 And naebody kens that he lies there,
 But his hawk, his hound, and lady fair.

    "His hound is to the hunting gane,
 His hawk to fetch the wild-fowl hame,
  His lady's ta'en another mate,
 So we may mak our dinner sweet.

  "Ye'll sit on his white hause-bane,
 And I'll pick out his bonnie blue een;
 Wi' ae lock o' his gowden hair
  We'll theek our nest when it grows bare

    "Mony a one for him makes mane,
 But nane sall ken where he is gane;
 O'er his white banes, when they are bare,
 The wind sall blaw for evermair."     

copyright 2002 , Jim & Beth Boyle, All Rights Reserved
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